Module II: Philosophical Logic

Target Group

Grades 7-8


Module I  or equivalent


2 months

Lesson Time

45 mins/lesson 

 Meets twice a week  

Class Size



Distance Learning

Detailed Lesson Plan: 

Week 1a: Distinguish between opinions and facts 

Week 1b: Learn how to prove your argument using premises and conclusions 

Week 2a: Testing arguments—are they valid? 

Week 2b: Writing Task #1 and in-class evaluation/feedback 

Week 3a: Inductive and deductive reasoning—what is the difference? 

Week 3b: What are fallacies? 

Week 4a: Recognize and reproduce types of logical fallacies 

Week 4b: Writing Task #2 and in-class evaluation/feedback 

Week 5a: Make refutable arguments based on a prompt 

Week 5b: Practice developing counterarguments 

Week 6a: Learn how to introduce supportive evidence 

Week 6b: Writing Task #3 and in-class evaluation/feedback 

Week 7a: Craft a philosophical thesis 

Week 7b: Learn how to logically organize your arguments 

Week 8a: Logical transitions—how do you make them? 

Week 8b: Writing Task #4 and in-class evaluation/feedback 

Class Title: Module II 


✓ Review the basics of logical writing and argumentation

✓ Practice creating sound arguments in written form 

✓ Gain advanced essay writing skills needed to inform, critique, and persuade  

Learning Outcomes: 

✓ Can argue points effectively through writing 

✓ Capable of debunking flawed arguments in writing

✓ Able to identify logical fallacies

✓ Gain an understanding of multiple types of logical reasoning 

Class Timeline: 

✓ 45 mins. per lesson (20 mins. for instruction, 20 mins. for discussion & debate, 5 mins. for homework review & Q/A) 

✓ Have lessons twice per week 

Lesson Overview:   

     Part 1: 

                    ✓ What is the difference between opinions and facts?

                    ✓ Proving arguments using premises and logical conclusions

                    ✓ Forming assumptions 

                    ✓ Testing the soundness and validity of an argument

                    ✓ Writing Task #1: Create a logical argument

                    ✓ Evaluation & feedback

      Part 2: 

                    ✓ What is the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning?

                    ✓ How can we tell a strong from a weak argument?

                    ✓ What are logical fallacies?

                    ✓ Writing Task #2: Apply inductive or deductive reasoning in writing

                    ✓ Evaluation & feedback


      Part 3: 

                    ✓ Learn how to structure an argument from a prompt 

                    ✓ What are refutable arguments? 

                    ✓ How do I form counterarguments? 

                    ✓ What counts as evidence?  

                    ✓ Writing Task #3: Form a philosophical argument based on a prompt

                    ✓ Evaluation & feedback

      Part 4: 

                    ✓ Crafting a philosophical thesis

                    ✓ Logically organize arguments 

                    ✓ Create logical transitions 

                    ✓ Writing Task #4: Form a philosophical argument then make a reply to your own argument

                    ✓ Evaluation & feedback